Computers have simplified our lives. So, if anything goes wrong with the computer we are very much disturbed. One of the major problems with computers is its slow performance. System slowdown is very sore experience for all computer users. You may start experiencing problems like frequent screen freezes, alarming blue screen of death, etc. A computers slow performance is not caused by one single factor but due to a combination of two or more factors- too many programs running in the background, damaged registry, using older versions of operating system, low amounts of RAM and so on.
Here, we are going to throw light on five major reasons for the slow performance of your computer and what you can do to fix them.
1. Too many programs running in the background
Most operating systems support multitasking, but that doesn’t mean you can run too many programs at the same time. Remember that each program you run access some amount of system resources and with too many programs running at the same time, the resources will be shared too, and your PC performance slows down.
So it is better to close a few programs to speed up your computer. To check what applications are running in the background and how much memory and CPU they are consuming go to the Task Manager or press Ctrl + Alt +Del keys at the same time. Select any program that you want to remove and click end task. But these programs are not completely removed and will all return the next time you start your computer. So, if you want to stop them from starting when you boot, you need to configure it to not open at the startup or remove it from the Programs/Startup.
If you’ve installed any antivirus scanner on the computer, spyware protection program, or other security software make sure the scanning operation is not running in the background. If the scan is in progress it can slow down the overall performance of your PC.
2. Fragmented Hard Drive
This is a common problem with all Windows operating systems. Every time you create new files, install new applications, browse the internet or perform other activities on your system, data gets added or deleted from the hard disk. The hard disk functions as a VHS tape, which can store information in one long stream. When multiple files or programs are stored on the disk, they are recorded back-to-back. When one item is deleted, a gap is left on the disk. This space gets occupied by the next file saved to the drive, assuming the file can completely fill the open space. If the space left is not enough for the file, it gets stored at the end of the drive. However, if the space left is enough for the file, chances are there that it may leave some blank space. Eventually, the quantity and frequency of gaps increase, leaving the files scattered and separated. This is known as fragmentation which makes your computer slow as Windows take long time to access the required files which is scattered all over the hard disk.
To fix this problem, run the Windows hard drive defragmenter at least once in a month. This tool consolidates scattered files and speed up data access time. The process may take long time to finish but this will definitely speed up your computer.
3. Problems with Windows Registry
Registry is the centralized database of your computer. All the data corresponding to your hardware and software gets stored in your system’s registry. The registry is used for performing simple task like running a new program or clicking a mouse. Since it is frequently accessed, it may become prone to errors. For example, as your system gets older and programs are added and removed from it, the registry gets loaded with all types of entries. Some of these may be unwanted, outdated and invalid that causes registry bloating. Such registry is prone to damages and fragmentation thereby slowing down your computer.
Running programs like Registry Cleanup can fix the errors of your registry.
4. Malware, spyware or virus infections
With the extensive use of computers, parasite programs such as virus, Trojans, backdoors, spyware and adware have become major threats for computer users. These parasite programs enter your system through unsecured internet connections, spam e-mails, infected storage media and others. Once your computer is infected you may find it difficult to work on your computer.
To secure your system from such malicious programs, you must install antivirus and antispyware on your computer. You must set these applications to run on a regular basis and also keep them updated to ensure that you are secured against the latest malware threats.
5. Less RAM
Your system memory may not be enough to support new programs or high-end software.
It is for this reason you need to upgrade to more of system memory. For example, the minimum RAM required for Windows 7 is 1 GB.
Brianne Walter is a freelance journalist who has been writing about mobile technology, customer relationship management and women’s health for more than a decade. These days she is busy to contributes on getamplify
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